Analysis of Collaboration Relationship in Auto Parts Industry

From the perspective of technological learning and innovation, the auto parts industry cluster has an atmosphere that encourages innovation, and this innovation can be quickly absorbed by other companies in the cluster through technology spillovers, which in turn leads to the emergence of new innovations. The reasons for this phenomenon can be understood from two aspects: On the one hand, because horizontal enterprises in the cluster produce similar or identical products, the differences between them are mainly due to quality and innovation. Faced with internal competition, they will inevitably drive them to continue. Innovation to achieve the purpose of differentiation. On the other hand, the vertical enterprises in the cluster, in order to meet the innovation needs of upstream or downstream enterprises, will inevitably continue to improve and innovate their own products. Moreover, innovation in these two cases is not an isolated behavior. Due to the existence of collaborative relationships within the cluster, different enterprises will choose the way of cooperative development and resource sharing, which will greatly enhance the ability of innovation.

Once the innovation is realized, this innovation will be transformed into explicit or tacit knowledge, and the knowledge learning speed in the cluster is often higher than that outside the cluster, that is to say, through the way of knowledge spillover, this innovation will be quickly Assimilated by other enterprises in the cluster, and continue to innovate on this basis. In this way, an orderly cycle of innovation-learning-innovation will be formed. Overall efficiency advantage. Clusters can maximize the cost savings of recurring expenditures, because industrial clusters can improve and develop the construction of water, electricity, gas and other infrastructures, thereby reducing the cost of recurring expenditures. In addition, enterprises in the cluster have formed a trust relationship through long-term market cooperation and informal communication. This trust relationship offsets the opportunism and uncertainty in the pure market relationship to a certain extent, making the enterprises in the cluster The internalization of transactions greatly saves transaction costs and improves the overall efficiency of the cluster.

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